William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Sitting alone, when Judge Henderson attempted to open court at Hillsborough on Saturday, 9/22/1770, he was handed a petition by a representative group of Regulators, containing a statement of thier grievances and expressing the firm intention to secure satisfaction at all hazards. Henderson agreed to take their petition under consideration and delay the opening of court until the following Monday morning. That day Hillsborough was filled with a shouting, tumultous throng of men. When court convened at eleven o'clock Regulators crowded into Henderson's court room "as close as one man could stand by another," armed with whips and clubs. Henderson described the scene in a letter written to Governor Tryon: <When the House had become so crowded that no more could well get in, one of them (whose name I think is called Fields) came forward and told me had had something to say before I proceeded to business. . . . He proceeded to let me know that he spoke for the whole body of Regulators. That they understood I would not try their causes, and their determination was to have them tryed, for they had come down to see justice done and justice they wd have, and if I would proceed to try these causes it might prevent much mischief. They also charged the Court with injustice at the preceeding term and objected to the Jurors appointed by the Inferior Court and said they would have them altered and others appointed in their room.> [Quoting from NORTH CAROLINA COLONIAL RECORDS 8:241] Henderson yielded to their demands. The mob whipped a number of other men, including John Luttrell and Thomas Hart, both later members of the Transylvania Company. They threatened to whip Henderson but did not. The Regulators made entries in the court record that were "ludicrous, sneering, and profane." Later they burned Henderson's barn and stables, destroying corn and several horses, and finally his house. President of the British Board of Trade in March 1771: <Mr. Henderson, my Lord, is a man of probity and a firm friend to government as well from principle as from the duty of his office and who from his spirited endeavours to preserve the last Hillsborough Superior Court against the insults of the insurgents, by the malice of his enemies and those of government, has had his house, stables, four hourses, and many other effects burnt last winter, sufferings which pleaded for more humanity than he received from the representatives of his countrymen.> [NORTH CAROLINA COLONIAL RECORDS 7:525] LESTER:7-8

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    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25794
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Preston to Dunmore, 1/1775: <One Colo Henderson and some others from North Carolina have lately been at the Cherokee Nation and made proposals of purchasing all that fine Country between the mouth of the Cherokee River and the mouth of the Great Kanawha; the terms were accepted by all the chiefs then present, and the LIttle Carpenter went with Henderson to make choice of the goods which had been agreed upon for the consideration. A few days ago they returned through this country, the Little Carpenter on his way to his Nation and Henderson (with Six waggons loaded with goods) to the Wataga, where he is to be met with all the chiefs of the Cherokees; and proposes holding a treaty some time in February or early in March to confirm the agreement, receive a Deed and deliver them the goods, which are to be several thousand pounds worth.> DM 4QQ1 quoted in LESTER:20

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:40:10 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25795
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Advertisement appearing on 12/25/1774, three months before the treaty at Sycamore Shoals: <Proposals for the Encouragement of settleing [sic] the Lands purchased by Rich'd Henderson & Co. on the branches of the Mississippi River from the Cherokee Tribe of Indians.> It laid out the specifics for entering land. A second advertisement on 2/22/1775: <Whereas the Subscribers are about and have the greatest reason to believe will shortly compleat the purchase of a large Tract of Country lying on the Kentucky, Cumberland and other waters of the Ohio and Tenisee Rivers with a view of setling that most desirable Territory with a large number of honest farmers, artificers, etc., and being credibly informed that a number of persons disposed to go and become adventurers therein, are some on their way, others preparing for their journey most earnestly entreat all persons minded to go and settle that Country this ensuing Season to conform to the Rules laid down by ourselves as well as for their benefit as ours, that it to say that all the Emigrants or Adventurers of this Spring would settle in a Town or Township for this year at least on some conveneit part of the land to be chosed for that purpose, that during the year every man may be looking out for such land as he may choose to settle on when safe to disperse.> NORTH CAROLINA COLONIAL RECORDS 9:1129-1131 quoted in LESTER:21-22

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:41:53 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25796
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Preston to George Washington, 1/31/1775: <Henderson sets the Government at Defiance & says if he once had five hundred good Fellows settled in that country, he would not value Virginia' that the Officers & Soldiers who have Lands surveyed there must hold under him, otherwise they shall not enjoy an Inch there.> DM 15S100 quoted in LESTER:25n

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:42:17 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25797
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Preston to Dunmore, 1/23/1775: <Henderson does not propose paying Quitrents unless his majesty will recognize his Title and in that case will only give up the sovereignty and pay the usual Quitrents; but will reserve the granting the land to the Company. He declares that no Land shall be surveyed with [in] his bounds but such as shall be purchased from him; nor will be suffer those to be Settled which have been Surveyed for the Officers and Soldiers unless the owners compound with him and behave themselves well. I did not see Henderson myself, but the abve information I had from Major Campbell and Several other Gentlement of undoubted veracity who were in Company with him. . . . This great and fine country Henderson proposes to Settle early in the Spring, by selling it to the Adventurers at the moderate price of twenty Shillings Sterling per hundred Acres, which, with some further encouragement he offers, will, I am apprehensive, induce a great many families to Settle there who will not look upon themselves as Subjects of his Majesty, and therefore when they get posession, it may be almost impossible to remove or reduce them o obedience. Henderson undertakes to make deeds in his own and Company's names to the purchasers as Sole proprietors of the Land; and may easily persuade those ignorant People to believe his Title good.> DM 4CC1 quoted in LESTER:25, 29

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:42:53 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25798
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Preston to Dunmore, 3/10/1775, wrote: <that between five hundred and a Thousand Cherokees came in & that the whole Business was to be concluded this week as the Indians had no objections to the Sale. That a great Number of Hands are employed in cutting a Waggon Road through Mockeson & Cumberland Gaps to the Kentucky which they expect to compleat before planting time; & that at least 500 people are preparing to go out this Spring from Carolina beside great Numbers from Virga. to Settle there & that the Company intends to have a Treaty with the Wobash Indians & give them a considerable present to Permit the Settlement on those Lands. . . . It is generally believed that had the Commissoners been there from this Government, & met the Indians before they Saw the Goods that the Sale might have been prevented; However that be the matter is now become Serious & demands the Attention of the Government otherwise it is too lively that valuable & extensive Territory will be forever lost to Virginia.> DM 4QQ7 quoted in LESTER:32

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:43:24 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25799
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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It is wrong to call this a treaty: <The right to make a treaty is a right of sovereignty possessed only by national governments, or by a group to whom the power of treaty-making has been legally and specifically granted. Richard Henderson and Company, the Transylvania Company, or the nine copartners severally had no charter, possessed no power of sovereignty, and could therefore make no treaty of any kind whatsoever.> At best this was a purchase of land, and the document constituted a kind of deed. LESTER:37-38

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    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25800
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Dunmore to Lord Dartmouth, n.d., but early 1775: <I am informed that the Cherokees have inconsiderately (not to say worse) listened to the dangerous proposals of a Certain evill disposed and disorderly Person named Henderson, and, allured by little present gain, have entered into a bargain for Lands which they either have Sold or intend to sell to the said Henderson.> Quoted in LESTER:40

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:44:36 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25801
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Gov. Martin of NC to Lord Dartmouth, 3/23/1775: <I am informed many of the wretched and desperate people of this Province talk of resorting upon the invitation given out by Henderson whose doctrine is clearly in my opinion contrary to the express words as well as the meaning and design of the Royal Proclamation.> NORTH CAROLINA COLONIAL RECORDS 9:1175-1176, quoted in LESTER:41-42

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:44:59 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25802
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Deposition of John Floyd, n.d.: <In March 1775 he asked Colo Christian his opinion relative to Colo Henderson's purchase, who answered, that it seemed to be Mr. Henry's opinion, that the purchase would stand good, & at the same time advised him the deponent to make a purchase of Land from Colo Henderson & Company.> CALENDAR OF VIRGINIA STATE PAPERS 1:310. Henry himself, however, deposed that he declared to Henderson: <his Strongest Disapprobation of their whole proceedings, giving as his Reason that the People of Virginia had a right to the back Country, derived from their Charter & the Blood and Treasure they Expended on that account.> Ibib. 1:303-304, both quoted in LESTER:44-46

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:45:26 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25803
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Haywood's paraphrasing of Dragging Canoe's speech: <He began with the very flourishing state in which his nation once was, and spoke of the encroachments of the white people upon the nations of Indians who left their homes and seats of their ancestors to gratify the insatiable desire of the white people for more land. It was once hoped that they would not be willing to travel beyond the mountains. But now that fallacious hope had vanished; they had passed the mountains and settled upon the Cherokee lands, and wished to have their usurpations sanctioned by the confirmations of a treaty. When that should be obtained the same encroaching spirit would lead them upon other lands of the Cherokees. New cessions would be applied for, and finally the country which the Cherokees and their forefathers had so long occupied would be called for; and a small remnant which may then exist of this nation, once so great and formidable, will be compelled to seek a retreat in some far distant wilderness, there to dwell but a short space of time before they would again behold the advancing banners of the same greedy host; who, not being able to point out any further retreat for the miserable Cherokees, would then proclaim the extinction of the whole race. He ended with a strong exhortation to run all risks and to incur all consequences, rather than to submit to any further delacerations of their territory. But this did not prevail, and the cession was made.> John Haywood, THE CIVIL AND POLITICAL HISTORY OF THE STATE OF TENNESSEE (Knoxville: Heiskell & Brosn, 1803):58-59, as quoted in LESTER:35

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:46:23 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25804
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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James Alves, grandson of James Hogg, told Draper in 1846: <It is a tradition that Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson desired to become partners in the company; but Col. Henderson preferred not to have them admitted -- as Mr. Alves supposes lest they should supplant the Colonel in the guiding spirit of the company. Had they been admitted, the validity of the purchase might never have been questioned.> DM 2CC34 quoted in LESTER:47

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:46:46 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25805
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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"Twitty's Fort": <It was a few logs put into the likeness of a square cabbin, there was no roof on it when I saw it. I should not have thought it to have been intended for a cabbin for anybody to live in. Did you think it was not built in as good a way as a cabbin generally is? No, I did not.> Thomas Warren, who had seen the fort in 1780, in a deposition made in 1808. Fayette County Circuit Court Records, Complete Record Book A:269, quoted in LESTER:6

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:47:42 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25806
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Morgan Brown, Hillsborough NC, on seeing Henderson and his party set off for KY, following the roadmakers: <Saw the first party of emigrant families that moved to Kentucky under the auspices of Judge Henderson. They marched out of town with considerable solemnity; and to many their destination seemed as remote as if it had been to the South Sea Islands.> Mss Diary, quoted in LESTER:65-66

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:48:12 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25807
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Petition of residents of Harrodsburg area, about 1/1776 1: [Draper 4B72-73 says 4/75]: <To the Honourable Convention of Virginia. . . . The petition of the inhabitants, and some of the intended settlers, of that part of North America now denominated Transylvania, humbly sheweth. <Whereas some of your petitioners became adventurers in that country from the advantageous reports of their friends who first explored it, and others since allured by the specious show of the easy terms on which the land was to be purchased from those who style themselves proprietors, have, at great expense and many hardships, settled there, under the faith of holding the lands by indefeasable title, which those gentlemen assured them they were capable of making. But your petitioners have been greatly alarmed at the late conduct of these gentlemen, in advancing the price of the purchase money from twenty shillings to fifty shillings sterling per hundred acres, and at the same time have increased the fees of entry and surveying to a most exorbitant rate; and, by the short period fixed for the taking up of the lands, even on those extravagant terms, they plainly evince their intentions of rising in their demands as the settlers increase, or their insatiable avarice shall dictate. . . . And, as we have the greatest reason to presume that his majesty, to whom the lands were deeded by the Six Nations, for a valuable consideration, will vindicate his title, and think himself at liberty to grant them to such persons, and on such terms as he pleases, your petitioners would, in consequence thereof, be turned out of possession, or obliged to purchase their lands and improvements on such terms as the new grantee or proprietor might think fit to impose; so that we cannot help regarding the demand of Mr. Henderson and his company as hughly unjust and impolitick, in the infant state of the settlement, as well as greatly injurious to your petitioners, who would cheerfully have paid the consideration at first stipulated by the company, whenever their grant had been confirmed by the crown, or otherwise authenticated by the supreme legislature. . . . > continued

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:48:58 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25808
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Col. William Whitley on his journey to KY with family during 1775, and being passed by Henderson and his party: <We came to Waldens C. where I had left my cattle. Then I had tie [sic] the Eldest child behind my wife & she carried the Other in her lap. [George] Clark's children were partly Grown which gave him the advantage of me. As we came On at Yellow C. there HENDERSON passed us, coming on with about 40 Men some small time after he pass there were several guns fired at a bear which gave us some alarm thinking they were attacked by the Indians but HENDERSON sent back a runner to let us Known the Cause & also some of the Meat. Many times in Our travels we had to Unpack & leave the familys to find OUt way to get on. At times my wife would fall Horse [sic] and all, and at Other times, She & her children all in a pile tied together for When One went all must go in that situation. we were 33 days in the wilderness in this Unkind Season of the year had rain Hail & Snow with the disadvantage of large Cainbrakes to wade through We then landad at (now) WHITLEY OLD STATION.> DM 9CC17 quoted in LESTER:77

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:49:43 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25809
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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4/4/1775: <tuesday 4th Raney we Start about 10 oclock and git down to Capt Martins in the valey where we overtake coln henderson & his companey Bound for caintuck & there we camp this Night there they were Broiling & Eating Beef with out Bread.> "Journal of William Calk" quoted in LESTER:68

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:50:16 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25810
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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After the attack on Boone, and Henderson's notification of same, Henderson began to encounter men fleeing back to VA. In four days the total was nearly a hundred. These men had gone out ot KY at the beginning of the spring and made small beginnings of clearing land and building cabins. Some were returning for their familes, but most were running away from the Shawnees, who in spite of their agreement with Dunmore were already murdering men. LESTER:75

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:50:39 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25811
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Convention's response to Henderson's speech included the following: <That we have absolute right, as a political body,without giving umbrage to Great Britain, or any of the colonies, can not be doubted by any sensible, unbiased mind -- and being without the juridiction of, and not anwserable to any of his majesty's courts, the constituting tribunals of justice will be a matter of our first contemplation.> quoted in LESTER:91

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:51:19 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25812
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Lester on the quasi-feudal aspects of the ceremony: <This was probably the proudest moment in the life of Richard Henderson, who was exceedingly fond of display and ostentaion, especially where he was the chief actor in the pageant.> LESTER:93

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:51:47 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25813
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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The plan of government instititued at Boonesborough <shows no gains in democracyover the governments existing in the older English colonies. In fact the Transylvania constitution suffrs in comparison with the constitutions of the original colonies. The proprietors had absolute veto power over the representative assembly. As Nathaniel Henderson, a brother of Richard, later deposed: <The Company's principal reason for insisting to have a Negative on the Laws of the settlers, was because, if they gave up that right, the Delegates of any Convention, that might thereafter be held, would have it in their power to destroy the claim of the proprietors.> CALENDAR OF VIRGINIA STATE PAPERS 1:302, quoted in LESTER:98

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:52:10 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25814
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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RHENDERSON to proprietors in North Carolina, following the convention held at BOONESBOROUGH: <The grand affair on our part, is to manage matters so as to have our rights acknowledged, and continue lords of the soil. Every thing has succeeded to my wish with respect to title.> James Hall, SKETCHES OF THE WEST 2:270-271, quoted in LESTER:99

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:52:43 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25815
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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One of the first land surveys made after the settlement of Boonesborough was for DB, 5/5/1775: <Translyvania <Surveyed for Daniel Boone the fiftH day of May one thousand acres of land lying on Tates Creek and bounded as follweth to wit. Beginning at a small Sugar Tree on the E Side of creek at the letter A -- Running thence No. 360 poles To a Hickory & buckeye -- Thence 450 poles to too [sic] walnuts growing together at the roots on a small ridge thence S. 360 poles -- to a ash on a ridge thence Et. 450 poles -- crossing the Creek to the first Station -- Surveyed by -- <Wm. Bailey Smith D. p. s. <1775 <Flanders Callaway <& William Hancock <Sworn Chain carriers> DM 25C13 quoted in LESTER:103

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:53:16 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25816
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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The fort. James Hall had in his possession early in the 19th century an original plan of the fort in Richard Henderson's hand, but without dimensions. By allowing twenty feet for the length of each cabin, Hall estimated the size to have been 260 by 180 feet. He may have overestimated. Judge Moses Boone, in an interview with Draper, said that when the fort was enlarged in 1778 it enclosed about an acre of ground [which would be, using about the same ratio, 250 by 170 feet]. The plan called for four block-houses, one at each corner. Probably two of these were not constructed until 1778, for Judge Boone said that new bastions were built at that time at the SE and SW corners. The distance between each block house and the adjacent row of cabins, whose exterior walls served as portions of the walls of the fort, was filled in with stockades. There were eight cabins on each of the longer sides and five on each of the shorter sides, 26 in all. Two gates, midway each of the longer sides. LESTER:176-77

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:53:54 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
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    ID: 27-40-20345-25817
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1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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2/12/1775: <Our men, under various pretenses, are every day leaving us. It is needless to say anything against it; many of them are so much determined, that they sell their rights for saving land on our present terms, to others who remain in their stead, for little or nothing. . . . Our company has dwindled from about eighty in number to about fifty odd, and I believe in a few days will be considerably less. . . . To the west, about fifty miles from us, are two settlements, within six or seven miles one of the other. There were, some time ago, about 100 at the two places; though now, perhaps, not more than 60 or 70. . . .> Richard Henderson, "Journal," in LESTER:106

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:54:40 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25818
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25818


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Henderson and Luttrell to NC proprietors, 7/18/1775: <We are heartily sorry that it is not in our power to give you a more favorable account; but you must take it as it is and make the best of it. . . . Our enterprise has now come to a crisis, and a few weeks will determine the matter. Harrodsburg and the Boiling Spring settlements, which, some time ago, could have raised and turned out seventy or eighty men, at a short warning, are almost abandoned -- on the most emergent occasion, they could not rally twenty men -- the better half of them in the woods on the north side of the Kentucky, and perhaps could not be summoned to our assistance, in less than a fortnight.> DM 1CC195-97 quoted in LESTER:106-107

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:55:18 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25819
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25819


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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On his return with his family DB was accompanied by men and families: Hugh McGary, Thomas Denton, Richard Hogan, and a considerable number of single men. LESTER:109

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:55:52 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25820
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25820


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Observations of J. F. D. Symth, who spent several weeks at Boonesborough in the summer of 1775: <I have observed that throughout all the back country there seems to be no such thing as any idea of subordination, or difference of ranks in life; excepting from the weaker to the stronger and the slaves to the whites. In any of their forts, it was all anarchy and confusion, and you could not discover what person commanded, for in fact no person did actually command entirely.> Similarity to Indians? J. F. D. Smyth, A TOUR IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Dublin, 1784) 2:217 quoted in LESTER:111

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:56:20 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25821
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25821


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Nathaniel Henderson to John Williams, Boonesborough, 10/5/1775: <Things as yet have gone very well, though I have observed with a gread [sic] deal of difficulty at times -- Surveying the lands already entered which ought to be done by this fall, will require your or my Brother's particular aid . . . . I acknowledge the task is hard, but hard as it is, if you or my brother dont personallya ttend at this place this fall there will be reason to fear that matters will not go on so smoothly as you may imagine. . . . Upon the whole Sir, you or my Brother ought to be her particularly at this time for reasons innumerable.> quoted in LESTER:112

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:56:47 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25822
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25822


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Petition of residents of Harrodsburg area, about 1/1776 2: <And as we are anxious to concur in every respect with our brethren of the United Colonies, for our just rights and priviledges, as far as our infant settlement and remote situation will admit of, we humbly expect and implore to be taken under the protection of the honourable Convention of the Colony of Virginia, of which we cannot help thining oursleves still a part, and request your kind interposition in our behalf, that we may not suffer under the rigorous demands and impositions of the gentlemen stiling themselves proprietors, who, the better to effect their oppressive designs, have given them the colour of a law, enacted by a score of men, artfully picked from the few adventurers who went to see the country last summer, overawed by the presence of Mr. Henderson. <And that you would take such measures as your honours in your wisdom shall judge most expedient for the restoring peace and harmony to our divided settlement; or, if your honours apprehend that our case comes more properly before the honourable the General Congress, that you would in your goodness recommend the same to your worthy delegates, to espouse it as the cause of the Colony.> Signed by 88 men, including James Harrod, whose name appeared first. AMERICAN ARCHIVES 6:1528-1529, quoted in LESTER:128-130

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:58:17 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25823
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25823


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Petition to Governor and Council of Virginia, 2/27/1777, from a committee of Harrodsburg people: <We are surrounded with Enemies on every side; every day increases their numbers. To retreat from the place where our all is centered would be little preferable to death. Our Fort is already filled with widows and orphans; their necessities call upon us daily for supply. Yet all this would be tolerable could we but see the dawn of peace; but a continuance of our woes threatens us; A rueful war presents itself before us. <The apprehension of an invasion in the Ensuing spring fills our minds with a thousand fears. The brave despise danger, Even death, upon their own accounts; it is the state of weak infancy & helpless widowhood that sets heavy on us. <Signed by order of Committee, <Hugh magary, Chairman> DM 4CC30 quoted in LESTER:174

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    Created: 8/4/2017 3:59:01 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25824
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25824


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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In 1777 about 10% of the Harrodsburg population were slaves, 19 out of a population of 198; 12 over ten years of age, 7 under. Lester says this was typical for the Kentucky settlements. LESTER:248, 252

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    Created: 8/4/2017 4:00:01 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25825
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25825


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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The estate of Richard Callaway included eight slaves: Frank, man (L80) Stephen, man (L70) Haner, woman (L65) Peter, boy (L75) John, boy (L30) Eade, girl (L80) Marge, girl (L80) Silvey, girl (L75) William Calk Mss., Special Collections, UK, cited in LESTER:248-49

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    Created: 8/4/2017 4:00:24 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25826
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25826


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Observations of J. F. D. Smyth who spent the summer of 1775 at Boonesborough: <Although the inhabitants are in reality a rude, barbarous and unpolished set of men, yetyou will frequently find pleasure in their conversation; their ideas are bold and spirited, but their sentiments are not liberal. However they are certainly a sensible, enterprising, hardy, unpolished race, yet open, free, and hospitable. Pusillanimousness, cowardice, and mean spirit appear not there; hitherto they have not reached so far, and as yet are confined to the east of the mountains.> J. F. D. Smyth, A TOUR IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Dublin, 1784) 2:218 in LESTER:252

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    Created: 8/4/2017 4:00:53 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25827
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25827


1935

William Stewart Lester, THE TRANSYLVANIA COLONY (Spencer, Indiana: Samuel R. Guard, 1935)

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Nathaniel Hart, Boonesborough, to his wife, on Holston River, 12/30/1779: <Dear Salley, <I had Sot A resolution when Capt Pain left me to return by way of cumberland, but the extream Coldweather, Together with nakedness of myself And people And the poverty of my horses has Obliged me to decline that Notion And Intrust my affairs to Col. Moore And Col. Henderson who are to go down about the time I set of Inn. . . My cornfield I found to be in very bad order. . . . yit I think we Shall Save Enough to Serve us here And Spare Some to go Round to Cumberland which I shall Indeavour to Contrive there by then we get down. .> quoted in LESTER:260

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    Created: 8/4/2017 4:01:17 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20345-25828
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20345-25828














    

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