John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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Born 1753 on the banks of the Brandywine in Chester Co., PA. Scotch-Irish stock. Better educated than most of his ilk; a fair surveyor. Widely read, judging from his literary allusions. Possibly served in the Revolution. Perhaps taught school before coming to KY. (WALTON:passim)

File: WLTN2.NT1



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:16:16 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26038
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26038


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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FILSON came to KY in the autumn of 1783. Came down the Ohio river, where he did some surveying. Entered a land claim for some 12,000 acres in 12/83, for which he had to pay something like L5000 in VA currency (vastly depreciated, perhaps exchanged at 1000 to one for silver pounds, "not beyond the financial ability of a thirty-year-old schoolteacher"). (WALTON:27)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:16:56 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26039
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26039


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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"While it would be unjust to impute mercenary motives alone to the author of the first book about Kentucky, the internal evidence is conclusive that it is a piece of promotional literature." Although "the author realized nothing from it. Before the land had acquired any great value, Filson had vanished; and it is extremely doubtful that his titles were valid anyway." (WALTON:27-28)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:17:17 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26040
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26040


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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The year he arrived (1783) there was a respite from the Indian wars. "The legends of Kentucky were in the making. the Kentuckians were in a mood to talk and Filson was an indefatigable inquirer. As he traveled from station to station, surveying and questioning, he acquired a reputation for annoying persistence. In the traditions of the frontiersmen it has been handed down that he could ask more questions than everybody and answer fewer than anybody." (WALTON:28, citing Durrett, FILSON:16)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:17:38 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26041
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26041


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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Information for KENTUCKE was obtained from the best available sources: DB, Levi Todd, James Harrod, Christopher Greenup, John Cowan, William Kennedy -- all of whom he credited. Did his writing at the house of Levi Todd, one of the best educated and most reliable of the pioneers. (WALTON:28-29)

File: WLTN2.NT1



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:18:03 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26042
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26042


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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In less than a year in KY (11/83-6/84) he entered a vast tract of land, taught school, wrote a book, and drew an excellent map. He left for Wilmington and PHiladelphia in the early summer of 1784. (WALTON:29)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:18:23 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26043
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26043


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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Advertisement in the PENNSYLVANIA PACKET AND DAILY ADVERTISER for 10/22/84: <This Day is Published (Price one Dollar and a Half) And to be sold by Dunlap & Claypoole, Philadelphia, and James Adams, in Wilmington. THE DISCOVERY, SETTLEMENT, AND PRESENT STATE OF KENTUCKY. . . . by John Filson.> (WALTON:30)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:18:49 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26044
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26044


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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model was probably Jefferson's NOTES ON THE STATE OF VIRGINIA, which was not published until 1785, but mss copies of which were in circulation; both begin with geography, followed by chapters on climate, produce, Indians, trade, population, and natural wonders. (WALTON:31)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:19:10 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26045
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26045


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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sought Washington's endorsement for the second edition of his book on 11/30/1784: <Sir <Permit me in these lines to express that perfect respect which I with my fellow Citizens of the United States owe to your excellency; I inform you Sir, that I have the pleasure to be the author of a late publication entitled a history and Map of Kentucke; the map I made bold to dedicate to the honourable Congress and your Excelly.; these Sir I request and presume you will patronise. I have sent a number to Colo. Harvey in Richmond and Mr. John Page Esqr. at Rosewell to sell. I have directed Mr. Page to present you with a book and Map you will do me the honour to Receive it I hope one day to Visit you in your retirement from the hurry of life, and find you perfectly enjoying that happiness which your Virtue and the great disposer of all your acts can only reward you with. <I am sir your most obedient humble Sert. <John Filson.> On 12/4 he wrote a second, longer letter laying out his intention of publishing a second edition. Washington replied on 1/16/85, expressing an interest in the map, but admonishing Filson maps must be based on actual surveys, and declining to express an opinion on the merits of the book, which he had not yet received. Filson sent a third letter dated 2/8, enclosing a copy of the book [now in the Boston Athenaeum]. Washington's response was short and courteous: acknowledging receipt of the book and map, and saying nothing about endorsement. This apparently dashed Filson's hopes and no second edition appeared. (WALTON:41-42, quoting letters in the Library of Congress as reprinted in P. Lee Phillips, THE FIRST MAP OF KENTUCKY BY JOHN FILSON (Washington, D.C.: W. H. Lowdermilk & Co., 1908).)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:19:32 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26046
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26046


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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French edition (HISTOIRE DE KENTUCKY, NOUVELLE COLONIE A L'OUEST DE LA VIRGINIE) published in Paris, 1785; German edition (REISE NACH KENTUCKE UND ANCHRICHTEN VON DISER NEU ANGEBAUETEN LANDSCHAFT IN NORDAMERIKA) published in Frankfurt, 1785, with new printings in Nurnberg, 1789, Leipzig, 1790. (WALTON:43)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:20:01 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26048
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26048


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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First editions of KENTUCKE: Yale, American Philosophical Society (Philadelphia), Boston Athenaeum (Washington's copy), Free Library of Philadelphia (Boone's copy). (WALTON:44)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:20:36 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26049
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26049


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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"that pottering but diligent collector of frontier records." (WALTON:46)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:21:16 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26050
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26050


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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"Doubtless Boone would have had his biographers anyway, but in Filson he had the equivalent of the modern press agent. And on this first report the Boone legend has been built. The extent to which this legend has entered into American life can hardly be overstated. More than any other hero, Boone has become a part of our national folklore, and subsequent heroes, such as Davy Crockett, Kit Carson, and Paul Bunyan have been cast in the same mold. In addition to the biographies and stories devoted exclusively to Boone's life -- and there are some fifty listed in a recent bibliography [J. Winston Coleman, Jr., A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF KENTUCKY HISTORY (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1949)] -- he has been the inspiration for a substantial portion of American literature." "As the architect of this legend, Fison made an incalculable contribution to the folklore, the ideals, and the literature of America. (WALTON:50,51)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:22:17 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26051
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26051


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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"At the time Filson wrote the biography Boone was fifty years old, a plausible age for reflecting on his role in the course of empire." (WALTON:53)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:22:39 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26052
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26052


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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"That these were Boone's own words few believed; but that they expressed his philosophy was assumed by the readers who elected Boone the popular hero of the Romantic Revolution." (WALTON:54)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:23:04 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26053
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26053


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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"It is said of Boone that he was so perfect a woodsman that he could walk up and down a long creek or river and then tell every stream that came into it and designate every peculiarity on both banks. From such men as these Filson got the facts for his history and map, and hence they were wonderful productions for their day." (Reuben T. Durrett, quoted in WALTON:68)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:23:27 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26054
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26054


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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"Among his contemporaries, Filson was better known for his map than for anything else that he did; and his ability as a surveyor was recognized not only by the burgesses of Wilmington [for whom he executed a good map, extant in mss, now at the Delaware Historical Society in Wilmington] but also by the men who founded the city of Cincinnati [for whom he surveyed]>" (WALTON:69)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:24:18 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26055
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26055


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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As a token of his classical education, these lines from his mss account of his trip to the Illinois country: <The day began to decline, and heavy showers fell; the briers and thorns tore my cloathes, and my flesh experienced the most excrutiating pain, from their repeated assaults, and the invenomed nettles. Hunger now began to rage. I felt languid and my burthen increased with wet. Those lines in Homer came lively Oh friends a thousand ways frail mortals lead To the cold tomb, and dreadful all to trea; But dreadful most, when by a slow decay Pale hunger wastes the manly strength away.> (WALTON:87, quoting mss in Draper 10CC)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:24:36 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26056
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26056


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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FILSON "bore many of the stereotyped characteristics of the pedagogue. Pedantic, didactic, and trivial, he was often irritating and even ludicrous to his contemporaries. But he was probably not more typical of the frontier schoolmaster than he was of any of the frontiersmen." (WALTON:102)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:25:00 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26057
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26057


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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FILSON connected with Judge John Cleves Symmes of New Jersey in the speculation of land centering on the future city of Cincinnati, which Filson christened "Losantiville:" <L for Licking River; os, Latin for mouth; anti, Greek for opposite; and ville, French for city>. Walton calls this "preposterous pedantry." Changed to Cincinnati by Governor Arthur St. Clair, who, upon arriving in 1790, was told the name, replied, "give me a name I can read and write!" (or alternately, "What an awful name! Goddamnit! Call it Cincinnati!") and promptly renamed it to honor the Society of the Cincinnati. (WALTON:113-14, quoting Filson mss from Draper 2MM60)

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:25:18 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26058
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26058


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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FILSON within a week of arriving at the site of the new town Losantiville he had disappeared forever. Surveying with Symmes and a party of Kentuckians on the Great Miami, he was shot by a Shawnee. He left a few books and debts which cost his brother L280.

File: WLTN2.NT1



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:25:33 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26059
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26059


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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The only anecdote of his childhood that survived was a tale of his losing a sack of corn crossing a stream on his way to the mill. Possibly significant in indicating his bumbling nature by contrast with Boone's prowess. WALTON:15-16.

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:30:39 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26060
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26060


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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John Cleves Symmes to Jonathan Dayton, Limestone, 10/12/1788: <I attempted to run down the great Miami from the fifth range, but being escorted by the people of Kentucky, they became disorderly & left me about one half of them & after runing down seven miles they would needs go home, and for that time disappointed me. I shall however soon attempt it again[.] two men deserted me back int he country, & one of them Mr. Filson, publisher of the Map of Kentucky was killed in three hours after he left us, by a single Indian.> Another reference: Symmes to Jonathan Dayton, 11/25/1788: <Mr. Filson deserted me when at Miami and in three hours after was shot -- he then was not of my party -- he would have been safe had he been.> Another: Symmes to Jonathan Dayton, 5/18/1789: <After this, the greater part of them [the Kentuckians] deserted me when about forty miles up the Miami, where I had ventured on their promises to escort me down that river, meandering its courses; which so disobliged me that I have been very indifferent ever since whether one of them came into the purchase or not, as I found them very ungovernable and seditious; and not to be awed or persuaded. To the disobedience of these men, I impute the death of poor Filson, who had no rest afterwards while with me, for fear of the Indians, and at length attempting to escape to the body of men I had left on the Ohio, he was destroyed by the savages.> all quoted in WALTON:116-17

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:33:44 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26061
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26061


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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Inscription in a copy of THE SCHOOLMASTER'S ASSISTANT now in the Clarke Collection, Ohio Historical and Philosophical Society, Cincinnati: <This Book was given to me by my Brother John Filson, who was kill'd by an Indian on the West Side of the Ohio, October the first 1788, about 5 miles from the Great Miami River, and 20 or 25 miles from the Ohio.> quoted in WALTON:118

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:34:07 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26062
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26062


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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J. D. Garrard in 1827, summarizing information from an affidavit from Matthias Denman: <The party with whom John Filson was in company was attacked by the Indians on the big Miami it is supposed near where Miami Town now stands. The party had dismounted from their horses and were gathering plums where the Indians made the attack. Two guns were fired by the Indians when each one made for their horses. Filson was one of the hindmost of the party or nearest the Indians and he was never heard from afterwards.> DM 101O7 quoted in WALTON:117-118

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:36:44 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26063
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26063


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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FILSON to brother John Filson, 5/27/1788: <I am to be married, which will be greatly to our advantage. Stand it out 2 years my dear brother, you shall have negroes to wait of you.> This in the context of much discussion between the brothers of John's pitiful finances, and the many suits being pressed against him. Perhaps the end of this romance was the occasion for the writing of his "Adieu" verse. Quoted in WALTON:106

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:37:00 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26064
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26064


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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<It is barely possible that Filson was engaging in some dry humor when he has this roving woodsman begin his story with: "It was on the first of May, in the year 1769, that I resigned my domestic happiness for a time . . ." since there is certainly no evidence to indicate that Boone ever suffered any nostalgia for peaceful domesticity. But since Filson was devoid of a sense of humor, it must have been an incredible naivete or the suctomary punctilioius regard for the conventions that led him to begin the story with Boone's expression of regret. Perhaps Daniel had remembered that his wife Rebecca had objected to his wandering off on a trip that was both unnecessary and uncertain at the season of the year when farm work was urgent and heavy. Perhaps she had resorted to, "What will people say?" Out of fairness to her, when he spoke for the record, he made it clear that his reason for leaving home was Homeric rather than domestic.> WALTON:53

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:37:29 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26065
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26065


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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FILSON 's Kentucky: the promised land; the best land in North America; "the most extraordinary country that the sun eliightens with his celestial beams; where the cane grew 12 feet high; where there were no snakes. Where corn was produced 100 bushels to the acre. Where game was abundant. Where the inhabitants were polite, humane, hospitable. Where schools and even colleges were being formed. Where there were mammoth caves, salt springs, the fossilized bones of ancient mammoths. He foresaw the importance of the rivers for commerce. WALTON:passim.

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:37:51 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26066
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26066


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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<How this coonskin hero, entirely innocent of letters, knew that Persepolis and Palmyra were in ruins is a minor mystery; but like the romantic natural man of his age he had acquired in contemporary and later accounts an incredible store of classical allusions. If Filson's book was more popular in Versailles than in Boonesborough, it is small wonder.> WALTON:57

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    Created: 8/4/2017 11:38:14 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26067
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26067


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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<The map and book together, whatever their value to historians today, represent a remarkable piece of promotional literature, including many of the timeworn techniques such as an endorsement by outstanding men. The fanciful rhetoric and the political cliches which characterize much of the writing in the description of Kentucky and in the Boone narrative are neatly balanced by explicit directions on how to secure a land title. Photography, the extremely accommodating ally of modern developers of real estate, is lacking; but in its stead there is a map which is simple and informative as well as stimulating to the imagination of the prospective settler.> WALTON:64

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:38:35 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26068
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26068


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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His writing style was florid, even for his own time; but could be vivid. WALTON:16

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:39:04 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26069
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26069


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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FILSON <owed the reliability of the vast amount of informantion he collected in so short a time to the experience and cooperation of these pioneers who had come to Kentucky before him. The accuracy of the map, on which the author had less opportunity to speculate and improvise than he did in his book, indicates the competence and the veracity of these men.> WALTON:29

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:39:22 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26070
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26070


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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On the allusions to Pesepolis and Palmyra, Durrett says: <it may be doubed if he could distinguish these ancient cities from Gog and Magog.> DURRETT3:37

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:39:40 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26071
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26071


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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<As the owner of more than twelve thousand acres of undeveloped land, the value of which would be enormously enhanced by increased migration, Filson drew his map for the same reason that he wrote his book -- to encourage the settlement of Kentucky.> WALTON:64

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:40:00 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26072
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26072


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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The map points out all the principal features of the landscape: as well as the mountains, rivers, and "Fine Cane Lands," there were the forts, mills, towns, salt springs, roads, counties, and the office of Col. Marshall, the official surveyor. On the periphery, as reminders of more primitive times, were the wigwams of the Shawnee and the Mingo. The western portion, less well-known, is severely truncated. WALTON:67

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:40:20 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26073
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26073


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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During the Indian attack on his party on the Wabash, his hat was shot through and he heard the bloodcurdling war whoops of the Indians. He ran off into the woods, darting this way and that, but apparently the Indians were not interested in him. Several hours later he returned to the bank where they had landed to find his possessions untouched, but the store of liquor taken and his companions dead and scalped. He crossed the river on an improvised raft and made his way back to Vincennes on foot. This is where the Homeric lines occur in his journal! WALTON:87

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:40:50 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26074
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26074


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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FILSON described the area around Vincennes as "pregnant with innumerable evil," where "frequent murders ensued" because of Indian trouble. On 6/1/1786 he drafted a petition to the Congress of the United States, on behalf of the American families of Vincennes, pleading for military protection, regular government, and security for American land titles. But he left because life in Vincennes was too debauched for his taste: "Vice and profanity become Common and habitual." WALTON:83-84 citing Filson mss at 10CC35-46 and petition at 53J31

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:41:10 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26075
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26075


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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FILSON 's turn to the Illinois country in 1785 was probably because many of Clark's men, from the Illinois campaign, which had taken off from Louisville, had relocated near Vincennes; there were about 400 Americans there by 1787: thus a Kentucky connection to the region. WALTON:80

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:41:27 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26076
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26076


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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In the early months of 1785 Filson was in the east and executed a fine map for the "Burgesses and inhabitants" of Wilmington DL. WALTON:73

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:41:49 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26077
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26077


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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On his trip down the Ohio in 1785 passed Limestone, where DB now was residing, and described it as an "important port." WALTON:78.

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:42:12 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26078
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26078


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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In the exchange in the KENTUCKY GAZETTE, "Agricola" was the pseudonym of Caleb Wallace. WALTON:100n

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:42:33 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26079
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26079


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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His seminary of 1788 probably never got underway. WALTON:102

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:42:51 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26080
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26080


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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In 5/1788 he filed an entry for land which he thought included the mythical Swift silver mine; another quixotical aspect of his career. WALTON:104-105

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:43:07 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26081
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26081


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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Unknown to Captain McDowell in Richmond VA, 10/11/1788: <I have nothing new to inform you of except Mr. Filson being killed over the Ohio River.> Shane Papers, quoted by WALTON:118

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:43:25 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26082
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26082


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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Joseph Buell, stationed at Ft. Harmar at the mouth of the Muskingum, in his journal for 10/21/1788: <Four canoes landed from Kentucky, loaded with ginseng; and report that the Indians had attacked a party of men with Judge Symmes, and killed one of his surveyors.> quoted in WALTON:118

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:43:41 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26083
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26083


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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Israel Ludlow, diary entry: Symmes returned from the Ohio on 11/28/1788 <and brought us the news of Mr. Filson being shot by an Indian.> quoted in WALTON:117

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:44:06 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26084
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26084


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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So vicious were the Indians attacks at the site of Cincinnatti in the late 1780s that the area was known as the "Miami slaughterhouse." WALTON:119

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:44:22 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26085
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26085


1956

John Walton, JOHN FILSON OF KENTUCKE (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1956)

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His estate lost its interest in the Cincinnati venture, since Filson had never paid on his one-third interest. His heirs sued, but lost in court. WALTON:119

File: WLTN3.NT2



    Created: 8/4/2017 11:44:44 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20427-26086
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20427-26086














    

SourceNotes
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