Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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<Every man was a soldier, and from early in the spring till late in the fall was almost continually in arms. Their work was often carried on by parties, each one of whom had his rifle and everything else belonging to his war dress. These were deposited in some central place in the field. A sentinel was stationed on the outside of the fence, so that on the least alarm the whole company repaired to their arms, and were ready for combat in a moment.> <In military affairs, when every one concerned is left to his own will, matters were sure to be badly managed. The whole frontiers of Pennsylvania and Virginia presented a succession of military camps or forts. We had military officers, that is to say, captains and colonels; but they in many respects were only nominally such. They could advise, but not command. Those who chose to follow their advice did so, to such an extent as suited their fancy or interest. Others were refractory and therby gave much trouble. These officers would leave a scout or campaign, while those who thought proper to accompany them did so, and those who did not remained at home. Public odium was the only punishment for their laziness or cowardice. There was no compulsion to the performance of military duties, and no pecuniary reward when they were performed.> DODDRIDGE:266-67.

HUNTING <One important pastime of our boys was that of imitating the noise of every bird and beast in the woods. This faculty was not merely a pastime, but a very necessary part of education, on account of its utility in certain circumstances. The imitations of the gobbling and other sounds of wild turkeys often brought those keen-eyed and ever watchful tenants of the forest within reach of the rifle. The bleating of the fawn brought its dam to her death in the same way. The hunter often collected a company of mopish owls to the trees about his camp; and while he amused himself with their hoarse screaming, his howl would raise and obtain responses from a pack of wolves, so as to inform him of their neighborhood, as well as guard him against their depredations. This imitative faculty was sometimes requisite as a measure of precaution in war. The Indians, when scattered about in a neighborhood, often collected together by imitating turkeys by day, and wolves or owls by night. In similar situations our people did the same. I have often witnessed the consternation of a whole neighborhood in consequence of a few screeches of owls. An early and correct use of this imitative faculty was considered as an indication that its possessor would become in due time a good hunter and a valiant warrior.> DODDRIDGE:277

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:17:52 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27191
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27191


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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Doddridge on hunter's costume 2: <A pair of moccasins answered for the feet much better than shoes. These were made of dressed deer skin. They were mostly made of a single piece, with a gathering seam along the top of the foot, and another from the bottom of the heel, with gaiters as high as the ankle joint or a little higher. Flaps were left on each side to reach some distance up the legs. These were nicely adapted to the ankles and lower part of the legs by thongs of deer skin, so that no dust, gravel or snow could get within the moccasin. The moccasins in ordinary use cost but a few hours' labor to make them. This was done by an instrument denominated a moccasin awl, which was made of the back spring of an old clasp knife. The awl, with its buckhorn handle, was an appendage of every shot-pouch strap, together with a roll of buckskin for mending the mocassins. This was the labor of almost every evening. They were sewed together and patched with deer skin thongs, or whangs as they were commonly called. In cold weather the moccasins were well stuffed with deer's hair or dried leaves, so as to keep the feet comfortably warm; but in wet weather it was usually said that wearing them was "a decent way of going barefooted;" and such was the fact, owing to the spongy texture of the leather of which they were made. Owing to this defective covering of the feet, more than to any other circumstance, the greater number of our hunters and warriors were afflicted with rheumatism in their limbs. Of this disease they were all apprehensive in wet or cold weather, and therefore always slept with their feet to the fire to prevent or cure it as well as they could. This practice unquestionably had a very salutary effect, and prevented many of them fro becoming confirmed cripples in early life.> DODDRIDGE:250-51.

File: DDDRDG.NT1



    Created: 8/10/2017 9:18:34 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27192
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27192


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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Doddridge on hunter's costume 3: DODDRIDGE:251

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:18:58 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27193
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27193


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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Doddridge on hunter's costume 1: DODDRIDGE:250 continued

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:19:31 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27194
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27194


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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Doddridge on women's dress: Linsey petticoats and "bed gown." Barefoot in warm weather, moccasins, coarse shoes, or "shoe-packs" in winter; these were made of a single piece of leather, like moccasins, with the exception of a tongue-piece on the top of the foot, about two inches broad and circular at the lower end, and to which the main piece of leather was sewed with a gathering stich, the seam behind like that of a moccasin, and a sole sometimes added. DODDRIDGE:251,270

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:20:05 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27195
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27195


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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Clothes hung in the cabin on wooden pegs around the walls, so that the complete wardrobe of the family was displayed for view. DODDRIDGE:251

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:20:33 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27196
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27196


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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<The punishment for idleness, lying, dishonesty, and ill-fame generally, was that of "hating the offender out," as they expressed it. . . . It was public expression, in various ways, of a general sentiment of indignation against such as transgressed the moral maxims of the community to which they belonged and commonly resulted either in the reformation or banishment of the person against whom it was directed.> <Although there was no legal compulsion to the performance of military duty, yet every man of full age and size was expected to do his full share of public service. If he did not do so, he was "hated out as a coward."> DODDRIDGE:284-85

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:21:12 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27197
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27197


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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<Throwing the tomahawk was another boyish sport, in which many acquired considerable skill. The tomahawk, with its handle of a certain length, will make a given number of turns in a given distance. Say at five steps, it will strike with the edge, the handle downwards; at the distance of seven and a half steps, it will strike with the edge, the handle upwards; and so on. A little experience enabled the boy to measure the distance with his eye, when walking through the woods, and strike a tree with his tomahawk in any way he chose.> DODDRIDGE:277

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:21:49 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27198
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27198


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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"It was a customary saying that fur is good during every month in the name of which the letter R occurs." DODDRIDGE:257

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:22:11 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27199
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27199


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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<Magistrates [of backcountry PA and VA] were in the habit of giving those who were brought before them on charges of small thefts, the liberty of being sent to jail or taking a whipping. The latter was commonly chosen, and was immediately inflicted after which the thief was ordered to clear out.> Wearing "the flag" on his back: thirteen stripes. For more serious crimes, "forty stripes save one". DODDRIDGE:285-86

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:23:49 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27200
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27200


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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OUTLAWS when apprehended were often forced to confess by the torture known as "sweating": suspended by their arms, which were pinioned behind their backs. Punishment by lashing on the bare back. Said one man, whipping another: "Now, you infernal scoundrel, I'll work your jacket nineteen to the dozen." DODDRIDGE:256

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:24:21 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27201
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27201


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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<A well-grown boy, at the age of twelve or thirteen years, was furnished with a small rifle and shot pouch. He then became a fort soldier, and had his port-hole assigned him.> DODDRIDGE:277

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    Created: 8/10/2017 9:24:48 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27202
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27202


1925

Joseph Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF THE WESTERN PARTS OF VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA [1824], in Samuel Kercheval, A HISTORY OF THE VALLEY OF VIRGINIA (4th edition; Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925)

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Songs were <mostly tragical, and were denominated "love songs about murder."> DODDRIDGE:279

File: DDDRDG.NT1



    Created: 8/10/2017 9:25:15 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20561-27203
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20561-27203














    

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