Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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As wearly as 1824 a play entitled "Daniel Boone, or, the First Settlers of Kentucky" was successfully produced in Cincinnati. James Hall's popular LEGENDS OF THE WEST (1832) included a great deal of Boone material. Robert Montogomery Bird's NICK OF THE WOODS (1837) was obviously modeled on Boone. Even more important was William Gilmore Simms. Although he made few direct allusions to Boone, Whitman glorified the kind of leader for which Boone was the prototype, as in "The Song of the Pioneers, "Song of the Broad Axe," or "Pioneers! O Pioneers!" Winston Churchill, THE CROSSING (1903), Elizabeth Madox Robert, THE GREAT MEADOW (1930), Stewart Edward White, THE LONG RIFLE (1932). Katherine Clugston, WILDERNESS ROAD (1937) was adapted for radio, and it was an episode of Boone's life which was being broadcast over a national hookup when the nation heard the news of FDR's death on 4/12/1945. In art there is the Horatio Greenough statue at the capitol building. And portraits by Audubon, Thomas Sully, Alonzo Chappel, W. C. Allen, Reuben Macy, J. B. Langacre, Y. W. Berry. George Caleb Bingham's "The Emigration of Daniel Boone" (1851) captured the naivete, expectancy, and optimism of the times. FISHWICK:128-131

File: FSHWCK.NT2



    Created: 8/14/2017 12:54:07 AM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28087
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28087


1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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<No twentieth century figure has fostered and developed the Boone legend more effectively than Daniel C. Beard (1850-1941) whose Boy Scout movement has become the best youth indoctrination course in United States history.> He modeled his youth movement on Boone: <I suggested a society of scouts to be identified with the greatest of all Scouts, Daniel Boone, and to be known as the Sons of Daniel Boone. Each "member" would have to be a tenderfoot before he attained the rank of Scout. Eight members would form a stockade, four stockades a fort. . . . I never realized that the Boy Scouts would weeep over much of the world and become my real life's work.> T. Roosevelt, also enamoured in much the same way with the West, heartily endorsed the Scout movement in 1907 at a meeting with Beard at the White House, with the result that the Boy Scouts had a semi-official endoresement from the government. In the year of the Boone Bicentennial, 1934, thousands of uniformed Boy Scouts from all over America convened in Covington KY. Dan C. Beard, HARDLY A MAN IS NOW ALIVE: THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF DAN BEARD (New York: Doubleday, 1939):353, as quoted in FISHWICK:134

File: FSHWCK.NT2



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    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28088
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28088


1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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William Carlos Williams: <Possessing a body at once powerful, compact, and capable of tremendous activity and resistance when roused, a clear eye and a deadly aim, taciturn in his demeanor, symmetrical and instinctive in understanding, Boone stood for his race, the affirmation of that wild logic, which in times past had mastered another wilderness and now, renascent, would master this, to prove it potent.> IN THE AMERICAN GRAIN (Norfolk CT: New Directions, 1925):137, as quoted in FISHWICK:137

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    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28089
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28089


1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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The Boone Bicentennial: KY General Assembly passed a resolution creating a commission to <promote and direct a fitting celebration of the two-hundreth anniversary of Boone's birth.> Shrines were established at Boonesborough, Boone's Station, Bryan's Station, and Blue Licks Battlefield. In Washington, Congress authorized the mining of 600,000 souvenir half-dollars. FISHWICK:136

File: FSHWCK.NT2



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    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28090
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28090


1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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Cooper did not specifically state that Boone was the prototype of his hero in THE PIONEERS (1823), but a number of reviewers immediately noted and pointed out the similarity. Cooper specifically acknowledged his debt to Boone biography and legend in his discussion of the famous rescue scene from THE LAST OF THE MOHICANS (1827). And there is the famous footnote to THE PRAIRIE. This was not the actual Boone, but the Boone that "should have been," "the BEAU IDEAL of the frontiersman." FISHWICK:128-29

File: FSHWCK.NT2



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    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28091
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28091


1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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These quotes: <O'er all the mazy complicated chain Of objects, which are link'd to the grand theme That with sublime sensation swell the soul; Boone now in all its forceful influence felt.> [136] * * * As Boone stands on the Mississippi for the first time: <With the products of a thousand farms And riches of Mercantile Kingdoms fraught With Freedom's Cities and Republics too And Happiness and Heavenly Virtue cheered.> [180] quoted in FISHWICK:128

File: FSHWCK.NT2



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    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28092
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28092


1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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FLINT was Boone's Parson Weems. The equivalent of the cherry tree story was the killing of a bear: "D. Boon cilled a bar." <Flint played this episode up dramatically, and with the help of many a locality that claimed to have the very inscription in question near by, managed to make a national legend of the bear inscription. How many trees have been subjected to real knives, and how many bears slain by imaginary Daniel Bones, the historian dare not guess.> Fourteen different editions of Flint between 1833 and 1868. The Boone of popular American legend is largely Flint's Boone. Of frontier heros Flint said [in his preface to PATTIE'S PERSONAL NARRATIVE, edited by Reuben G. Thwaites, EARLY WESTERN TRAVELS, 1748-1846 (New York, 1904-7):263]: <There is a kind of moral sublimity in the contemplation of the adventures and daring of such men. . . . They tend to re-inspire something of that simplicity of manners, manly hardihood, and Spartan energy and force of character, which formed so conspicious a part of the nature of the settlers of the western wilderness.> FISHWICK:125-27

File: FSHWCK.NT2



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    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28093
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28093


1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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<I have wasted my life in puttering, but I see no help for it; I can write nothing so long as I fear there is a fact, no matter how small, as yet ungarnered.> In Reuben Gold Thwaites, "Lyman C. Draper: A Memoir," in WISCONSIN HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 1 (1903):xvii, quoted in FISHWICK:133

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    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28094
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28094


1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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His collections <prove that Boone was the subject of innumerable apocraphal stories and legends even in his early manhood.> FISHWICK:132

File: FSHWCK.NT2



    Created: 8/14/2017 12:58:07 AM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28095
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28095


1953

Marshall W. Fishwick, "Daniel Boone and the Pattern of the Western Hero," THE FILSON CLUB HISTORY QUARTERLY 27 (1953) 119-138

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<If Wisconsin had not had a Lyman Draper, it might never have had a Frederick Jackson Turner.> FISHWICK:132

File: FSHWCK.NT2



    Created: 8/14/2017 12:58:21 AM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-20649-28096
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-20649-28096














    

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