Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 Richard Henderson: seeking to rule as well as own Kentucky.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:06:51 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28836
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28836


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH7 The scale of pioneer real estate accumulations belied the "homestead ethic."
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:07:01 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28837
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28837


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH3 George Washington: Those who miss the "present opportunity of hunting out good lands will never regain it." George Washington, quoted in W. W. Abbot, "George Washington, the West, and the Union," INDIANA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY 84 (1988):6.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:07:10 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28838
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28838


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 George Washington on the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals: "There is something in that affair which I neither understand nor like, and wish I may not have cause to dislike it worse as the mystery unfolds." Quoted in Lester, TRANSYLVANIA COMPANY:41.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:07:19 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28839
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28839


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 The Virginia legislature appointed a commission to investigate Henderson's claims to KY, on 7/4/1776 -- it ended the the hope of independence for the Transylvania Colony.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:07:26 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28840
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28840


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 Transylvania proprietors looked to maximize their control over KY land: resolved not to sell tracts larger than 5,000 acres to non residents; charged more for acres over 640; not to sell tracts of more than 100,000 on any terms; reserved all the land adjacent to the Falls of the Ohio for themselves. According to John Williams, this last action "roused the attention of a number of people of note." (Williams to Proprietors, 1/3/1776).
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:07:33 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28841
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28841


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 KY settlers repudiated the authority of the Transylvania partners. Insisted that title belonged to those who actually occupied and improved the land.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:07:41 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28842
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28842


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 The right of "getting land for taking it up": Doddridge (Pittsburg, 1912 ed):85
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:07:48 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28843
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28843


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 Floyd: the settlers "choose to settle as they have done on Holston." That is by squatter's rights. to Preston, 4/21/1775.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:07:56 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28844
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28844


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 Henderson speech to "delegates": "perfect balance" of the English constitution; outlined a government consisting of three branches: democratic lower house; aristocratic council of the largest landlords; proprietors exercising executive authority.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:08:05 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28845
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28845


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 Henderson worried about the insolence of the squatters, especially Harrod's men, whom he dismissed as "a body of lawless people from habit and education." Quoted in George Morgan Chinn, KENTUCKY: SETTLEMENT AND STATEHOOD, 1750-1800 (Frankfort: ?, 1975):112.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:08:12 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28846
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28846


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 Transylvania partners doubled the price of land in 9/1775 for all buyers who had not planted corn the previous spring; this outraged new arrivals. This new rule alienated the last support Henderson enjoyed from the settlers. He was perceived as a brazen speculator. George Rogers Clark: by the action the partners "work their own Ruin." GRC PAPERS:36-37.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:08:20 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28847
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28847


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 Regulator revolt against Henderson: he was a judge on the Supreme Court who was particularly callous to the sufferings of poor backcountry men. They set fire to his barn and stables, and two nights later burned his house. Note that Henderson did not learn his lesson, for he oversteped his bounds again in KY by raising the price of land.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:08:27 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28848
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28848


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 Harrodsburg committee, June 1776: petitioned the VA Convention to "claim this country" and immediately confirm the titles of those who "by Preoccupancy, agreeable to the Entry laws of Virginia" had inhabited "the Western parts of Fincastle County." "To provide a subsistence for themselves and their Posterity."
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:08:36 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28849
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28849


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH4 Hermon Husband, NC Regulator: "The peaceable Possession, especially of back waste vacant Lands is a Kind of Right." By engrossing land and evicting squatters, land speculators interfered with the customary right of the poor from "time out of mind" to "move out, from the interior parts to the back Lands, with their Families and find a Spot, whereon they built a Hut and made some improvements." Hermon Husband, "An Impartial Relation of the First Rise and Cause of the Present Differences in Publick Affairs in the Province of North Carolina," in William K. Boyd, ed., SOME EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY TRACTS CONCERNING NORTH CAROLINA (Raleigh: ?, 1927):309
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:08:42 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28850
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28850


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH3 or CH4 "The prospect of seeing all his Children settled Comfortably in one Neighborhood, their Arms open at any time to receive and assist" -- this would provide "a greater degree of Happiness than any other situation." Levi Todd to J. McColloh, 2/15/1784, in Richard J. Cox, ed., "'A Touch of Kentucky News & State of Politicks': Two Letters of Levi Todd, 1784 and 1788," RKHS 76 (1978):219-20.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:08:48 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28851
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28851


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH6 1779 VA land law: thwarted the hopes of homesteaders while abetting the design of speculators. Encouraged scores of wealthy non-residents to engross the land through the open sale of treasury warrants, which began before the issuing of settlement and preemption warrants. After the initial parceling out of lands, 21 individuals or partnerships held grants in excess of 100,000 acres, a quarter of the total area of the new state. See Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991):15.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:08:54 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28852
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28852


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH6 The provision for preemption of 1000 acres for anyone who had "made improvements" allowed "cabiners" to make scores of questionable and bogus claims. 10/1779 Boonesborough petitioners complained that the law provided land to men who "only raised a small cabbin, perhaps never stayed three weeks in the country." "It had been well for us if we had all been such cultivators and never come to settle in the country untill there had been a peace." James Rood Robertson, ed., PETITIONS OF THE EARLY INHABITANTS OF KENTUCKY TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF VIRGINIA, 1769-1792 (Louisville: ?, 1914):47.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:09:00 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28853
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28853


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH6 There was so much unhappiness with the work of the land commission, that commissioners "received several letters intimating that a Combination of People were forming at the Falls to seize the Commissioners books and burn them." William Fleming Journal; Newton D. Mereness, ed., TRAVELS IN THE AMERICAN COLONIES (New York: ?, 1916):644.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:09:07 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28854
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28854


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH6 Floyd received his certificate from the commissioners for 1,400 acres and "was immediately offered six fine young Virginia born negroes for it." But he was not interested in selling, rather, he wanted to buy the certificates of others as an agent for his wealthy patron Preston. Floyd to Preston, 10/30/1779
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:09:13 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28855
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28855


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH7 a substantial minority of pioneers who received warrants on the basis of settlement or improvement purchased additional claims: of 138 people who received preemption warrants between 1773-75, 31.2% (43) eventually acquired grants for more than 1000 acres.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:09:21 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28856
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28856


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH7 In the year of KY statehood, 1792, 9 or 10 adult white males owned less than 500 acres, and half owned no land at all.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:09:28 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28857
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28857


1991

Stephen Aron, "Pioneers and Profiteers: Land Speculation and the Homestead Ethic in Frontier Kentucky" (unpublished mss, 1991)

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CH7 The acquisition of lands by pioneers was not all profiteering. With the chaos of the land system, the overlapping claims and expenses of litigation, everyone was likely to loose some land, so getting a surplus made good sense. Moreover, a man wanted land for his children.
File: ARON2.NT3



    Created: 9/21/2017 3:09:34 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21106-28858
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21106-28858














    

SourceNotes
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