Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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VA emigrant on KY: "The Earth is very fertile and female Animals of every sort are very prolifick." P. Rootes to Robert Breckinridge, February 22, 1791, quoted in Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):142



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:32:35 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28979
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28979


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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VA emigrant on KY: "The Earth is very fertile and female Animals of every sort are very prolifick." P. Rootes to Robert Breckinridge, February 22, 1791, quoted in Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):142

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:33:12 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28980
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28980


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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1775-95 200,000 Kincaid:11, 188-91.
File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:33:46 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28982
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28982


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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WILDERNESSROAD was the route of the poor, slaves, tenants; it was longer, more difficult and dangerous, but cheaper than coming down the Ohio, like the gentry. Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):170

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:34:00 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28983
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28983


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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CH7 tax debate in KY in the 1780s: land taxes fairer to the poor, but would ruin speculators. In many cases of shingled claims, taxes were collected from several people.

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:34:14 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28984
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28984


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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LOGANCAMPAIGN "unauthorized and illegal" Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):91
File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:34:26 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28985
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28985


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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CH7 John Floyd was married to Preston's cousin.

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:34:37 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28986
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28986


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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In 1793 unimproved lands in the Bluegrass were selling at 15-20 shillings/acre; improved land at 25-40 shillings/acre. Of those who possessed land in Fayette in the 1790s, under 25% owned less than 100 acres. 63% owned no land at all. Slaveowners about 35%. Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):160

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:34:48 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28987
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28987


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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Daniel Trabue: his land warrants were with his brother who was captured by Indians. "My land Warrents gone that had cost me a great Deal, . . . and the land located by others. My great calculation in Kentucky seemed to be blasted." Young:80-81.

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:35:01 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28988
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28988


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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"Any prospect for a fair and well-regulated distribution of land in Kentucky disappeared with the 1779 enactments." Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):191

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:35:09 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28989
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28989


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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John May, deputy surveyor of Jefferson County, warned of how "great has been the difficulties attending the Locating business on Account of the variety of diferent kinds of Claims, the Vagueness of their Location, and the very great number of Warrants granted by the State." 1797 the surveyor general of KY reporeted that "there has been Lands granted to sundries in the State above 24 Millions of Acres, that all the Counties contain but 12,476,116 Acres, so that some persons will fall short." quoted in Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):192

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:35:16 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28990
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28990


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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Attornies worked in land cases on contingency, getting up to half of the land if they won the case.

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:35:22 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28991
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28991


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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Paul Wallace Gates estimated that one quarter of Kentucky was claimed by 21 speculators. Landlessness in the Bluegrass actually increased during the 1790s, although it fell in the state at large because of the settlement of the western Green River country. Among the landowning, the vast majority had small farms that could only have been subsistence operations, while the majority of land was held by a small minority. The growth of slaveowing accompanied this pattern, and the Bluegrass was again the center of the system. A full plantation economy was in ascendance.

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:35:28 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28992
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28992


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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Lawyers bought up vulnerable claims at great discount; the most enterprising used general plats to find those areas with the most shingled claims. "Daniel Boone had many claims, which he offered to [George] Nichols and [John] Breckinridge on these terms. Boone wanted a portion of money on time for an interest in the claim without any title." A lawyer's description of another pioneer fit Boone: he attempted to speculate "but found himself too poor and uninformed in such transactions;" they should take him up on his offer, for "indeed he is too poor to take a share worth speaking of." Joseph H. Daveiss to Wilson Cary Nicholas, March 19, 1802, quoted in Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):228

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:35:43 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28994
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28994


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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taxes: 1792 revenue act stipulated that all lands on which taxes were unpaid by 1795 would be foretied to the state.

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:35:52 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28995
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28995


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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"Resentment against lawyers, judges, courts, and legal proceedings became endemic in Kentucky." Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):88

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:35:59 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28996
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28996


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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Humprhey Marshall on DB: Some early settlers "engrossed a competent share of the rich soil." But DB "possessing a different disposition, and taking another view of things, has participated in a different fate." Thus he "remained a hunter, and poor." Marshall 1:10

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:36:12 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28997
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28997


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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"Hunters and Beaver-catchers care nothing about Government or the manner of it." Samuel Hopkins to John Breckinridge, February 4, 1799. quoted in Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):385

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:36:32 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28998
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28998


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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"There seems at present to be a great rage for new and frontier places. The range and game are totally gone, which all the first settlers consider as invaluable." William Lytle to John Breckrinridge, March 11, 1797, quoted in Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):385

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:36:39 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-28999
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-28999


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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"The poorer Class of people" are headed for Spanish Missouri. John Breckinridge to James Breckinridge, May 9, 1797, quoted in Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):385

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:36:48 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-29000
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-29000


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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As compared with the elite Virginians in the factions associated with John Preston or Patrick Henry (Wm Russell, Wm Christian, Wm Fleming) DB "represented the less conspicuous sort who came down into the Holston region in the 1760s." "Through carelessness, ignorance, inaccurate surveys, confusion over land laws, chaos, and chicanery, many lost title to their lands. The established, well-connected, and well-to-do usually arrived in Kentucky after the dangerous, uncertain times of the 1770s and 1780s. They were the ones who capitalized on the situation to aggrandize themselves." Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):153

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:37:00 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-29001
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-29001


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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Moses Austin, through KY in 1796-97, described the poor families he saw as "but a remove from Indians in their manners or moreals." quoted in Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):172
File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:37:15 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-29002
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-29002


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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Francis Asbury in 1803 traveled the mountain road into KY. He saw "men, women, and children, almost naked, paddling bare-foot and bare-legged along, or labouring up the rocky hills, whilst those who are best off have only a horse or two and three children to ride at once." quoted in Fredrika Johanna Teute, "Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land" (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1988):174

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:37:29 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-29003
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-29003


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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"In your country, kile the land of promise, flowing with milk and honey, . . . you shall eat bread without scarceness, and not lack any thing in it."

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:37:41 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-29004
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-29004


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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Nathaniel Hart [Jr.] to "Dear Uncle," 1/10/1791. <I am afraid you loose your Sett. & Preemption on silvers Creek. Boone I believe has acted like a scoundral in the business. Col. Shelby and myself went up last fall to Survey yours and look at mine, after traceing up several lines we found that one Jinnings [or Ginnings?] S. & P. [settlement and preemption] had covered yours entirely, that Boone had Surveyed his Preemption on Uncle David Harts & my Fathers. I suppose you recollect that my Father cleared 2 fields which he intended to include in his Survey. Boone has taken the one next to Estels Station & run within sight of the other which has thrown me upon others Lands and I expect I shall have to stand a Lawsuit with them tho it must remain in this Situation untill I qualify as Exor. [executor] to my Fathers Estate.> Manuscripts, Filson Club, Louisville.

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:37:51 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-29005
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-29005


Fredrika Johanna Teute, Land, Liberty, and Labor in the Post-Revolutionary Era: Kentucky as the Promised Land (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988)

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In 1801, the the suit Heirs of Nathaniel Hart, v.Samuel Estill and others, Boone was a co-defendant. The suit claimed that DB had surveyed Hart's land "fraudulently" so as to maximize his own tract. The suit was brought by a lawyer signingas "H. Clay" [need to check this]. The case was finally decided for the defendants, 1805: <the circumstances of the case are by no means sufficient to divest Estill's title, derived from Boone,nor is there evidence in the cause to convict Boone of fraud.> J.R. Cooper, in LEXINGTON HERALD, 4/19/1925; typescript and mimeographed copy, 1958, in MHS and KHS, concluded.

File: TEUTE.NT3



    Created: 9/28/2017 12:38:03 PM
    Project: Digitizing Daniel Boone
    Creator: Faragher, John Mack
    ID: 27-40-21276-29006
    Permanent Link: https://sourcenotes.miamioh.edu/id?27-40-21276-29006














    

SourceNotes
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